Fix – Disk Structure Is Corrupted and Unreadable Error


The Disk Structure is Corrupted, or Unreadable is a complex error that confuses several users. That is because this error stops accessing the drive containing data. The drive is visible to the user, but the access is denied due to a corrupted disk structure. As soon as the word corrupt appears in the context of data and disk drives, the users tend to freak out as the data is at risk. 

The majority of users avoid treating the error as they panic. If you have also come across the disk structure being corrupted and an unreadable error, do not worry, as it is fixable. 

In this post, let us understand the error in detail and identify the methods you can use to fix the issue. 

What Causes the Disk Structure to be Corrupted and Unreadable Error on PC

Several reasons trigger the error, and you may be shocked to learn the nature of these errors as they are really basic. However, when these mistakes are repeated regularly, even the most basic issues turn into an everlasting problem. 

  • Unplugging device improperly
  • Connectivity Errors
  • Corrupted File System 
  • Driver Errors 
  • Virus infection

Looking at these causes, you might have relief that these are not irreversible issues. These are manageable, provided you know how to get things in place and what methods that can help you fix the errors. 

If you are looking for a solution, read the next section, where we have discussed working ways to fix the error. 

Read Also: How to fix Drive is not Accessible “Access is Denied” Error in Windows 11,10,8

3 Ways to Fix the Disk Structure Is Corrupted and Unreadable Error

Before we jump to the 3 methods, here are some preliminary steps to take – 

Step 1 – Disconnect and reconnect the drive to another port to check if it becomes accessible. 

Step 2 – Use your security software to scan the drive when you connect it. This will prevent it from getting infected. 

Step 3 – Make it a priority to ensure that the connection established is proper and there are no shortcomings in the same. 

After these 3 steps, if the issue is resolved, the disk structure is corrupted, and an unreadable prompt still appears, try the following fixes!

Fix 1 – Use the CHKDSK Command to Fix Disk Errors

If the disk in question has not been working properly for a while and is showing signs of a corrupt data structure, you should run the CHKDSK command on it. 

Step 1- Go to the start menu and run the Command Prompt as administrator for elevated access.
Step 2 – In the Command Prompt, use the command – CHKDSK F: /f /r /x.

CHKDSK F f r x command

( do not forget to replace the F with the drive letter of the concerned drive)

Step 3 – After the command ends, restart your PC and check if the issue is resolved or not. 

If you are not convinced to use the CMD, you can also try to run the Disk Check via the properties. Simply – 

Step 1 – Go to This PC in the Explorer.
Step 2 – Right-click on the drive to open its Properties.

right click on drive
Step 3 – Navigate to the Tools section and find the Disk Check tool.

Disk Check tool

Step 4 – Click on Check and run the process as per the instructions on the screen. 

Fix 2 – Update the Disk Drivers

Outdated drivers also play a crucial role in the overall performance of the drive. Here are some steps to help you check for updates – 

Step 1 – Go to the Start menu and search for Device Manager.
Step 2 – Spot Disk Drives and find the problematic drive listed there.

Disk Drivers-Update Driver

Step 3 – Right-click on it and click on the Update Driver option. 

After that, you will be navigated to the Windows Driver Updater Utility. Simply follow the instructions on the screen, and you can update the drivers. 

Read Also : Fix: Hard Disk Serial Number Changer Unable to Write to This Disk in Drive

Fix 3 – Format the Drive

If the disk check could not resolve the issue, you might have to format the drive. This will remove the data from your drive, but at least the drive will be functional again. If you do not want to lose the drive, it is recommended to format it. 

Step 1 – Go to This PC in the Explorer.
Step 2 – Right-click on the drive and select Format drive. Format drive option
Step 3 – Select the NTFS option and format the drive.NTFS option

This way, you will remove any corrupt data you might have had on the drive, which will be accessible again. The only downside here is that all your data is lost. Well, if the data is really that important, there is a way you can get it back. 

How to Recover Data Lost Due to Disk Structure Corrupted and Unreadable Error

Data recovery is the route you can take. To help you with the same, we recommend you go for the Advanced Disk Recovery tool after you have formatted the drive. It is the finest and easiest way to recover lost data.  All you have to do is – 

Step 1 – Download and install the app on your computer.

Step 2 – Select the Drive by clicking on the drop-down menu.

find multiple options to scan drive

Step 3 – After selecting the formatted drive, use Start Scan Now to find the data from the drive.

Advanced Disk Recovery file scan

Step 4 – Once the data is scanned, you can easily check the table of contents and recover the file you want by marking it and choosing the recovery button.

Advanced Disk Recovery scan result

Finish this process, and you can access your files again. We recommend you perform this fix as soon as you have formatted the drive; otherwise, the chances of overwriting can ruin the recovery. 

Getting over the corrupt and unreadable error with your drive is possible. It is all about the methods that you choose. Finish the process using these steps, and you should be able to eliminate the error. Thanks for reading, good luck!

Recommended :

How to Access a Disk that is Write Protected

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About The Author

Dishank Sharma
Dishank Sharma

A creative tech-writer who loves to explore latest tech-trends & convey them to his readers in the simplest way possible. He loves to blend the crispness of technology with a pinch of creativity while curating best practices for the readers. In his free time, he likes to scribble poetry, listen to rap & travel.

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